Lockdown Discoveries – Part 3

Lockdown Discovery Exhibition

Lockdown Discoveries is an exhibition currently on display at Rare Books & Special Collections in Fisher Library. Due to COVID restrictions preventing access to some people, we’ve created a series of blog posts to ensure no-one misses out.

The Lockdown Discoveries exhibition presents highlights from the Ron Graham Science Fiction collection, handpicked and curated by the RBSC Cataloguing Project Team. This is Part 3, the final in our series of blogs about the exhibition. Read Part 1 or Part 2.

All paths lead back to Lovecraft

When H.P. Lovecraft died in 1937, his friends August Derleth and Donald Wandrei gathered Lovecraft’s best ‘weird fiction’ from pulp magazines into a memorial volume and tried to get it published. Publishers showed little interest, prompting the two to establish Arkham House in 1939, named after the fictional town in Lovecraft’s stories, and formed for the express purpose of publishing all of Lovecraft’s writings in hardcover.

Derleth wrote a number of stories based on fragments and notes left by Lovecraft, inventing the term ‘Cthulhu Mythos’ to describe the universe from the stories written by Lovecraft and other authors in his circle. Derleth’s style emphasised the struggle between good and evil, in contrast to Lovecraft’s depiction of an amoral universe. Arkham House continues to champion ‘weird fiction’ to this day.

Richard Taylor designed the covers for these volumes. An author in his own right, he is perhaps best known as a cartoonist for Playboy and the New Yorker, and his covers for Arkham House are among their best.

The Mask of Cthulhu book cover
The Mask of Cthulhu
August Derleth, 1958
Sauk City, Wisconsin: Arkham House
Graham SF 03050
The Trail of Cthulhu book cover
The Trail of Cthulhu
August Derleth, 1962
Sauk City, Wisconsin: Arkham House
Graham SF 03055
The Shuttered Room book cover
The Shuttered Room & Other Pieces
H.P. Lovecraft (& Divers Hands), 1959
Sauk City, Wisconsin: Arkham House
Graham SF 03101
Marginalia book internal pages
H.P. Lovecraft, 1944
Sauk City, Wisconsin: Arkham House
Graham SF 03088

Shadow over Innsmouth was the only book Lovecraft published in his lifetime and he was far from happy about the print quality. He died a year later.

Shadow Over Innsmouth book cover
Shadow over Innsmouth
H.P. Lovecraft, 1936
Illustrated by Frank A. Utpatel
Pennsylvania: Visionary Publishing Co.
Graham SF 01140

In his works, Lovecraft makes reference to The Necronomicon, a book written in Duriac script. While we don’t anticipate anyone visiting this exhibition being able to interpret the script, we have been advised not to show you the internal pages for your own safety. In the preface, L. Sprague de Camp writes:

“So, if any reader be so rash as to undertake the translation anew, let me urge that he have a care not to move his lips or mutter as he does so. We have all, I am sure, been annoyed in libraries by people who mumble as they read; but never before has this petty offense been punished by the fates that befell Doctors Babil, ibn-Yahya and Abdalmajid.”

L. Sprague de Camp, in the preface to the Necronomicon

You have been warned.

Necronomicon inside front cover
Al Azif (The Necronomicon)
Abdul Alhazred, 1973
Philadelphia: Owlswick Press
Graham SF 06829

Fantome Press

Founded in Warren, Ohio in 1976 by artist, printer and publisher C.M. James, the Fantome Press specialised in small, fine letterpress reprints of fantasy, supernatural and horror poetry. Featuring works by various authors, including James himself, these booklets were typically limited to between 50 and 75 copies and often featured James’ beautiful woodcuts.

The woodcuts are made by carving out negative space from a surface, leaving only the lines and shapes desired to appear in the print.

Next, the remaining surface is coated with ink and the block is placed on a piece of paper. In this case, the print is created by placing pressure on the back of the block with a printing press, transferring the ink onto the page. The result is a unique print, that can never be duplicated exactly.

Reprinted here is one of the sonnet sequences from supernatural horror writer H. P. Lovecraft’s Fungi from Yuggoth. It tells the story of a person who obtains an ancient book of esoteric knowledge that allows one to travel to other planets and strange parts of the universe. In Antarktos, a ‘great bird’ tells the narrator of a mountain in a polar region that might hold an untold city buried underneath.

Antarktos internal pages
H.P. Lovecraft, 1977
Illustrated by C.M. James
Warren, Ohio: Fantome Press
Graham SF 08891

Coleridge was fascinated by the supernatural and metaphysics. He believed in the spirit as the true essence of a person, not the physical form. Here he is describing Sara Hutchinson, with whom he was infatuated, as she appeared to him in a dream. From his description it seems Coleridge believed he actually crossed a threshold while in the dream state and met with Sara’s spirit.

Phantom internal pages
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1976
Illustrated by C.M. James
Warren, Ohio: Fantome Press
Graham SF 09630

Moone’s ode to Howard Phillips Lovecraft is accompanied here by a portrait rendered by James. Lovecraft is commonly regarded as one of the most influential American horror writers of all time. He helped invent the genre of cosmic horror, which is the idea that the universe is an alien and dangerous place, incomprehensible to most sane people. His stories often feature protagonists who encounter horrible beings from outside our world, resulting in horror, insanity, and death.

To HPL internal pages
To H.P.L.
Schuyler Moone, 1977
Illustrated by C.M. James
Warren, Ohio: Fantome Press
Graham SF 09684

Translated as Faces of Death, this is a collection of macabre figures and ominous landscapes rendered in woodcut by James.

Faces de la Mort pages
Et Faces de la Mort: blockprints
C.M. James, 1977
Warren, Ohio: Fantome Press
Graham SF 08536

Ghostly images

How would you create an image of a ghost? It became a popular novelty in Victorian times. By using a blank page and an ink pen, one would sign their name along the middle of the page. The page was then folded so that the wet ink created a ghostly pattern.

The Ghosts of My Friends is an unusual autograph album arranged by Cecil Henland, an author who wrote a number of novelty books for children and founded the National Society of Day Nurseries in 1906.

The book was circulated to the owner’s friends to sign and complete, quite similar to the ‘Ad libs’ game. The signatures and ghosts which appear in this copy were collected between December 1926 and April 1931, and feature English surnames such as Ward, Gross, Cox and Thomas.

The Ghosts of My Friends book cover
The Ghosts of My Friends
Arranged by Cecil Henland, 1905
London: Dow and Lester
Graham SF 10930
Ghost of My Friends inside front cover
Internal pages from The Ghosts of My Friends

Crossing genres

Not all science fiction authors write exclusively in the science fiction genre. Poul Anderson (1926-2001) was a famous American author who published in the genres of science fiction, fantasy and historical fiction, winning many awards. Anderson won the Hugo Award seven times, the Nebula three times, the Prometheus Award four times, as well as receiving the Gandalf and SFWA Grand Master awards in 1998.

When he was a Guest of Honour at Boskone III in 1976 (organised by the New England Science Fiction Association), Anderson authored a collection of unusual writings. Published as Homebrew, the initial print run was 500 copies. The Graham collection has copy numbers 432 and 460, both signed by the author. Homebrew contains essays, poems, lyrics, articles, and the short story, House Rule.

Homebrew book cover
Poul Anderson, 1976
Cambridge, Massachusetts: NESFA Press
Graham SF 06879

Lockdown Discoveries was curated by the Rare Book & Special Collections Cataloguing Project Team: Vicky Chiu, Simon Cooper, Tonia Fossey, Chingmy Lam, Hiyori Ogawa, Phuong Pham, Liz Ray, Theresia Sandjaja, Dannielle Williams & some other guy.

Lockdown Discoveries team
The RBSC Cataloguing Project Team

This is Part 3 in a three-part blog series. Read Part 1 or Part 2 or learn more about the Lockdown Discoveries exhibition generally.

The Lockdown Discoveries exhibition is located at:
Rare Books & Special Collections
Open: Monday to Friday, 11am to 3pm
Phone: +61 2 9351 2992
Email: rarebook.library@sydney.edu.au

The secret stories of bookplates

Japanese bookplates

The University of Sydney Library’s Rare Books & Special Collections is pleased to bring you a new exhibition: a collection of bookplates drawn from the Colin Berckelman Personal Papers Collection. The physical display can be found on Level 4, Fisher Library, but you can also view the exhibition online, in the post below.

‘The Beautiful, Artistic, and Quaint’: International Connectivity and 20th Century Bookplates

Curated by Finlay MacKenzie, Master of Museum and Heritage Studies, University of Sydney

From 14th century BCE Egypt onwards, people have marked books as their own by furnishing them with bookplates, or decorative labels. While the use of bookplates fell in and out of fashion over subsequent centuries, the peak of bookplate production and ownership in the early- to mid-20th century saw these ‘beautiful, artistic, and quaint’ items reach an unprecedented level of popularity and accessibility. Along with this rise in prominence came the practice of collecting and exchanging bookplates belonging to others, reflecting an ever more globalised and connected world. Societies were formed, exhibitions held, and global exchange networks established as people traded duplicate bookplates in their own collections for more elusive or desirable designs.

The Berckelman Collection, amassed by the Sydney-based bibliophile Colin Berckelman from the early 1900s until his death in the 1960s, gives a rich glimpse into the lively world of bookplate collection in the early- to mid-20th century. As an active collector and member of several Australian and international bookplate societies, Colin Berckelman gathered bookplates from across the world through correspondence and travel. The variety of bookplates he collected and the stories they brought with them speak to the level of international communication and connection which existed at this time, and Australia’s position within a global network of artists, collectors, and book-lovers.

Bookplates in Australia

The emerging international craze for bookplate production, use, and collection in the early 20th century quickly reached Australia. Numerous local, regional, and national bookplate societies were established, and the work of Australian bookplate designers was sought not only by Australian collectors but by bookplate enthusiasts overseas. The surviving material paints a picture of a thriving and colourful world of collecting which established itself in bookstores, meeting-rooms, and mailing lists.

Bookplate printed on paper, showing a pair of magpies and labelled ‘Colin B. Berckelman’ and ‘Ex Libris’. The design is dated to 1930 and attributed to the Australian artist Sydney Long.
Berckelman Collection Item 1004 | 1930 | Sydney Long

Like many collectors of books and bookplates, Colin Berckelman made use of several personal bookplate designs throughout his life, employing them at different times or for different literary genres. This design, created in 1930, may have been a favourite of his, as he appears to have used and reproduced it extensively, and likely sent copies to other collectors both within and outside Australia.

Pamphlet discussing the rise in popularity of bookplates in Australia, by P. Neville Barnett for the Australian Ex Libris Society.
Berckelman Collection Item 1006 | date unknown | P. Neville Barnett

This early- to mid-20th century pamphlet by P. Neville Barnett, a noted Australian author on the subject of bookplates, describes the shift of bookplate artistry in the late 19th to early 20th centuries. As acceptable imagery began to extend beyond heraldic designs, he describes the ‘beautiful, artistic, and quaint’ bookplate designs of the period as responsible for their greater accessibility, and hence their increased popularity. He attributes the popularity of bookplates in Australia to the high quality of Australian bookplate artists, many of whom were women. Notably, he observes that Australian bookplate societies attracted members not only from Australia and New Zealand but from around the world.

Letter from Herbert Wauthier to the Sydney Bookplate society, describing his position as the managing director of a prominent London metalworking company and his interest in exchanging bookplates with Australian collectors.
Berckelman Collection Item 1007 | 1949 | Herbert Wauthier

This letter, written by the managing director of a London metalworking company to the Sydney Bookplate Society, illustrates the appeal which Australian bookplate-collecting circles held for international bookplate enthusiasts. In the letter, Herbert Wauthier describes his expectation of exchanging high-quality bookplates with Australian collectors, and offers to produce bookplate designs in exchange for membership. His letter also illustrates the difficulties which could be experienced in international communication during this period – he expresses a concern that he may not be able to pay his membership fee due to currency regulations!

International bookplates in Australia

Through personal correspondence and society membership, large numbers of bookplates produced internationally were sent to Australia. Colin Berckelman received many such bookplates through various means, whether from bookplate enthusiasts overseas or from other Australians who had collected them. The variety of designs show the increased freedom of acceptable bookplate imagery, and the ways in which bookplates could be adapted to reflect local tastes. Furthermore, the correspondence which accompanied these bookplates demonstrates the enthusiasm for people in the early- to mid-20th century to establish international connections and exchange networks.

Collection of bookplates sent to Colin Berckelman, two with inscriptions in the Russian alphabet, one with an English inscription, and one possibly with a Czech inscription.
Berckelman Collection Item 699 | date unknown | creator unknown

Although the provenance of bookplates in Colin Berckelman’s collection is not always recorded, the diversity of names and scripts suggests their places of origin. It is unknown whether this group was collated by an international or an Australian collector. However, an assemblage of bookplates like these shows how bookplates from various sources could be distributed together, increasing the reach of international exchange.

Scrapbook decorated with Japanese text and designs, containing numerous Japanese-style bookplates.
Berckelman Collection Item 674 | date unknown | creator unknown

Whilst most of Colin Berckelman’s bookplate collection originated from Australia, America, or Europe, some examples also illustrate the presence of bookplate production and exchange in Asia. The Japanese bookplates in this scrapbook show the adaptation of the bookplate format according to local Japanese aesthetics and artistic styles. Whether they were acquired through correspondence or during a visit to Japan, these bookplates highlight the breadth of bookplate-collecting networks, and the ability of such simple items to bring together people from across the world.

Exhibition catalogue for the Bookplate Association International’s sixth annual exhibition, 1930, containing lists of bookplate designers organised by country and a list of prize-winning designs.
Berckelman Collection Item 646 | 1930 | creator unknown

Bookplate exhibitions were relatively common in the early- to mid-20th century, with bookplates from various artists, owners, or collectors being brought together for display. This catalogue is from an exhibition held in Los Angeles, which displayed the work of bookplate artists from various countries. Represented countries were primarily located in Europe or were European colonies, such as Italy, Java, Latvia, and the Netherlands. In accordance with this, Australian bookplates were featured in the exhibition, with bookplates by famous Australian bookplate artists being displayed.

Sending bookplates overseas

Bookplate collectors seeking to expand their own collections and exchange bookplates with others often turned to the mailing lists of bookplate societies, where members could list their details and addresses in the hopes of receiving correspondence. Colin Berckelman’s collection includes a large number of letters and attached bookplates sent to him by fellow international collectors, many of whom located him through such mailing lists. These letters show the range of his personal correspondence, and the diversity of people who could be connected through the practice of bookplate collecting.

Letter from Gertrude Morgan Hawley to Colin Berckelman describing her interest in modern woodcuts and stating that she has enclosed a copy of her own bookplate design and is seeking Australian bookplates in return.
Berckelman Collection Item 702 | 1930 | Gertrude Morgan Hawley

Women were involved not only in the creation of bookplate designs, but also in the collecting and exchange of bookplates themselves. The owner of this bookplate, Miss Gertrude Morgan Hawley of New York, discovered Colin Berckelman through an exchange list of bookplate collectors, and wrote to him requesting examples of Australian woodcut designs. Her references to the artists Adrian Feint and Lionel Lindsay indicate the regard with which some Australian artists were held in bookplate-collecting circles internationally.

Collection of bookplates sent to Colin Berckelman by Manuel A. Ortiz, originating from Portugal. Two belonged to Ortiz himself, and one originated from another collector.
Berckelman Collection Item 701 | 1932/1933 | Manuel A. Ortiz

A bookplate collector from Lisbon, Manuel A. Ortiz, sent these bookplates to Colin Berckelman alongside a letter addressed to the American Society of Bookplate Collectors and Designers and the Australian ExLibris Society. In the letter, he describes his interest in bookplates from the United States, and asks the recipient to send him American bookplates in return for the Portuguese bookplates he has attached. While he does not seem to have been acquainted with either society before writing this letter, they presumably seemed to him to be accessible sources of bookplates, indicating the significance of Australian bookplate collectors in international exchange.

Bookplates with Czech inscriptions and pre-written letter with a message in Czech, German, French, English, and Esperanto, and some unfilled passages completed.
Berckelman Collection Item 701 | date unknown | creator unknown

In some cases, bookplate collectors looking to exchange bookplates with collectors from other countries encountered language barriers. When this occurred, pre-written letters in an established format could be used to communicate requests, with space for the sender to write in how many bookplates they were sending or wished to receive. This example, sent to Colin Berckelman by the Czechoslovakian bookplate designer and collector Ctibor Šťastný, delivers its message not only in the standard languages of German, French, and English, but also in Czech and the constructed international language Esperanto. It accompanied a selection of Czech bookplates designed either for or by Šťastný, with their varying designs including an owl in an art deco style, a relatively standard depiction of books and a candle, and a praying mantis with a Portuguese slogan.

In the modern world of rapid and extensive interconnectivity, it is easy to imagine the world of the past as slower-paced and far less open. However, the picture painted by Colin Berckelman’s bookplate collection is vastly different. Despite the issues of language barriers or currency restrictions which could arise, communities such as bookplate collectors found ways of corresponding and sharing their interest, whether through travel to attend international exhibitions, writing to collectors in other countries, or simply obtaining internationally-produced bookplates from collectors closer to home. It is perhaps surprising that such a small and incongruous object as a bookplate should have attracted so much attention from so many people. But bookplates could easily be viewed as emblematic of a new and modern world in the early- to mid-20th century – a world which brought together people from across the globe in a shared enthusiasm for the ‘beautiful, artistic, and quaint’.

All material in this online exhibition is drawn from the Colin Berckelman Personal Papers Collection. Colin Blake Berckelman (1907-1965) was an Australian bibliophile, author, amateur photographer, and collector of material relating to books, bookplates, and printing material. The collection encompasses a broad ranger of topics, particularly relating to Australian social history, including politics, business and commerce, early settlement history, architecture, literature, and the arts. Following Berckelman’s death in 1965, the collection was acquired by the University of Sydney Library. It is now held by the University of Sydney Library’s Rare Books and Special Collections. The physical display of this exhibition can be found on Level 4, Fisher Library.

Lockdown Discoveries – part 2

Lockdown Discovery Exhibition

Lockdown Discoveries is an exhibition currently on display at Rare Books & Special Collections in Fisher Library. Due to COVID restrictions preventing access to some people, we’ve created a series of blog posts to ensure no-one misses out.

The Lockdown Discoveries exhibition presents highlights from the Ron Graham Science Fiction collection, handpicked and curated by the RBSC Cataloguing Project Team. This is Part 2 of our blog about the exhibition. Read Part 1 and Part 3.

Inventing the future

Professor Archibald Low, a physicist, inventor and engineer, was known for his pioneering work on early radio guidance systems. In addition to enthusiastic non-fiction books on science and technology, Low also penned a handful of novels, including this 1937 science fiction adventure which features a garage-built rocket-ship, a cloud-like space monster, evil aliens, terror rays from Mars, floating space islands and technological marvels such as a supervitamin pills and colour television!

Adrift in the Stratosphere book cover
Adrift in the Stratosphere
Professor A. M. Low, 1937
London: Blackie & Son
Graham SF 08933

In the book shown below, Doctor Dolittle, world-renowned physician, linguist, veterinarian, and animal rights activist travels to the moon on the wings of a giant moth. There he learns to communicate with the local fauna and singing plant life with the help of marooned sculptor, Otho Bludge, whose occupancy dates back to the separation of the moon from the Earth. Together they work with the Lunar Council to negotiate an agreement for annual seed production quotas (a common theme in children’s literature).

Doctor Doolittle book cover
Doctor Dolittle in the Moon
Hugo Lofting, 1956
Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott
Graham SF 08853

Originally published as a short story Starship Soldier in The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, Heinlein’s controversial novel, Starship Troopers was written as a furious reaction to the United States’ suspension of nuclear testing in 1958. On the surface a military space adventure, it is at once a coming of age story for its main protagonist, Rico, and a vehicle for the discursive exposition of the author’s martial theories on civic virtue, criminal justice and voting franchise. While his Cold War opposition to communism is undeniable, Heinlein is equally critical of American democracy in themes that are as much satirised as they are presented in the popular 1997 film adaptation.

As science fiction, the work occupies a seminal position in the ‘space marine’ sub-genre, inspiring a military strategy game in 1978 that may be seen as the precursor to such games as Battletech and Warhammer.

Starship Trooper book cover
Starship Troopers
Robert Heinlein, 1969
New York: Berkley Publishing Corporation
Graham SF 16050

Collectable first editions

The most valuable editions are usually the hardcover first editions with a dust jacket. An author’s first book might be considered rare and harder to find, but in science fiction the most valuable tend to also be the best known. Titles such as I, Robot, Fahrenheit 451, Dune and Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (aka Bladerunner) are known as both literary and cinematic classics, and demand in collectors’ circles remains high for copies in fine condition.

I Robot book cover
I, Robot
Isaac Asimov, 1950
New York: Gnome Press
Graham SF 02356
Dune book cover
Frank Herbert, 1965
Philadelphia: Chilton Books 
Graham SF 06661
Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep book cover
Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
Philip K Dick, 1968
New York: Doubleday
Graham SF 05721
The Martian Chronicles book cover
The Martian Chronicles
Ray Bradbury, 1950
New York: Doubleday
Graham SF 04258
Clockwork Orange book cover
A Clockwork Orange
Anthony Burgess, 1962
London: Heinemann
Graham SF 03893

Fahrenheit 451

Fahrenheit 451 is regarded as one of Ray Bradbury’s best works. This first edition from 1953 features a personal letter written by the author to a fellow science fiction writer, providing a rare glimpse into his playful mind, which is contrary to the ‘brilliant nightmare’ painted in his famous book. The special asbestos-bound edition of Fahrenheit 451 mentioned in the letter is highly sought-after by collectors and sells in excess of $20,000.

Fahrenheit 451 book cover
Fahrenheit 451
Ray Bradbury, 1953
Illustrated by Joe Mugnaini
New York: Ballantine Books
Graham SF 03937
Letter from Ray Bradbury
Letter by Ray Bradbury, 1953

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner

This is an early 20th century reprint of Samuel T. Coleridge’s famous 1798 poem, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner. It was published by Haldeman-Julius Company as part of their ‘Little Blue Book’ series that mass-produced cheap pocket-sized paperbacks to make literature accessible to the average citizen.

I first encountered this poem in my high school English class, and the imagery of the albatross and the heavy burden of guilt weighing on the ancient mariner’s neck has remained with me more than a decade later.

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner book cover
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Samuel T. Coleridge, 192-?
Kansas: Haldeman-Julius Company
Graham SF 18489


Fandom can take many forms. Here we have a hand-made book inspired by horror and fantasy stories and artwork. The book is a collection of handwritten stories, bound, with two variant hand-painted dust jackets. It may have been created for pleasure or as a student project. Unfortunately, no information has come to light (or dark) on E.C. Lambert, who concocted this work in Brighton, England, 1947-48.

It is not known how Ron Graham acquired the book.

Nameless Survival book cover
Nameless Survival & Others
E. C. Lambert, 1947 (revised contents page states © 1948)
Brighton, England: Bonar
Graham SF 08669
Nameless Survival internal pages
Internal pages of Nameless Survival & Others

Lockdown Discoveries was curated by the Rare Book & Special Collections Cataloguing Project Team: Vicky Chiu, Simon Cooper, Tonia Fossey, Chingmy Lam, Hiyori Ogawa, Phuong Pham, Liz Ray, Theresia Sandjaja, Dannielle Williams & some other guy.

This is a three-part blog series. You can also read Part 1 and Part 3 or learn more about the Lockdown Discoveries exhibition generally.

The Lockdown Discoveries exhibition is located at:
Rare Books & Special Collections
Open: Monday to Friday, 11am to 3pm
Phone: +61 2 9351 2992
Email: rarebook.library@sydney.edu.au

Lockdown Discoveries – part 1

Lockdown Discovery Exhibition

Lockdown Discoveries is an exhibition currently on display at Rare Books & Special Collections in Fisher Library. Due to COVID restrictions preventing access to some people, we’ve created a series of blog posts to ensure no-one misses out.

The Lockdown Discoveries exhibition presents highlights from the Ron Graham Science Fiction collection, handpicked and curated by the RBSC Cataloguing Project Team. This is Part 1 of our blog about the exhibition. Read Part 2 and Part 3.

Ron Graham’s collection

Ronald E. Graham collected science fiction for more than 50 years and his collection contains almost complete holdings (up to 1979) of commercially published American, English and Australian science fiction magazines.

Graham had encyclopaedic knowledge of early science fiction; he was the publisher of Vision of Tomorrow magazine and the co-owner of the first science fiction bookshop in Australia, Space Age Books (originally named The Space Age Bookshop), until his death in 1979. Fisher Library is very fortunate to be the custodian of Graham’s extensive private library.

Read more about the Ron Graham Science Fiction collection.


Mass printed books can occasionally become valuable when a copy is inscribed by the author or perhaps a famous owner. Attributes such as autographs, inscriptions, bookplates and decorations may provide insight into the life, friendships and personality of authors. Take for example, the inscriptions written by the author, Ben Bova, to the science fiction enthusiast, Ron Graham. There are more than 40 Ben Bova books in Graham’s collection, many of them signed with a personal message. It is gratifying to observe how friendships develop between an author and a fan.

Front cover and inscription of Flight of Exiles by Ben Bova.
Flight of Exiles
Ben Bova, 1972
New York: Dutton
Graham SF 7168
Front cover and inscription of Exiled from earth by Ben Bova
Exiled from Earth
Ben Bova, 1971
New York: Dutton
Graham SF 07167
Front cover and inscription of Escapre by Ben Bova
Ben Bova, 1970
New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
Graham SF 05440
Book cover of The Duelling Machine
The Duelling Machine
Ben Bova, 1969
New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
Graham SF 07165
Book cover of The Weathermakers
The Weathermakers
Ben Bova, 1968
New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
Graham SF 07176

Discover more inscriptions

There may be more hidden inscriptions in books ready to be discovered. You can find books with unique attributes in the collection by using Advanced search in the Library’s catalogue. Enter the call number Graham SF and the keyword inscribed (or bookplate, depending on your interest). This search will retrieve a list of titles that have these attributes.

Screenshot of Advanced Search


A bookplate, also known as ex-librīs (Latin for ‘from the books or library’), is a printed or decorative label inserted into a book, usually on the front endpaper to indicate the name of the book’s owner.

What fascinated me while cataloguing the Graham SF collection were the bookplates. I adored the artistic designs, some simple and others with amazing detail. The thought that the item once belonged to a certain person, made me wonder about the history of the book. How it was housed? In a large personal library or in a box sitting in the basement? Did it travel around before it landed in Ron Graham’s collection?

Often, bookplates reflect the owner’s position in society, or in this instance, their passion for science fiction.

Here is one of Ron Graham’s personal bookplates. The designer of the bookplate is not known.

Bookplate of Children of the Atom
Children of the Atom
Wilmar H. Shiras, 1954
London: Boardman
Graham SF 01028

Another bookplate for Ron Graham was designed by the artist, Virgil Finlay. Finlay was one of the most popular illustrators for pulp magazines, particularly Weird Tales and Famous Fantastic Mysteries. The bookplate illustration below was also used as the cover of the fanzine The Mentor, number 19.

Bookplate of Tom Swift and His Rocket Ship
Tom Swift and his Rocket Ship
Victor Appleton II; illustrated by Graham Kaye, 1954
New York: Grosset & Dunlap
Graham SF 01325

Not only is this bookplate aesthetically pleasing but it reveals that the books previously belonged to the former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1916-1922). David Lloyd George was one of Britain’s most well-known figures of the 20th century, best known for guiding Britain through the First World War. Lloyd George had a personal library and part of that collection is now housed at the University of Kent.

Bookplate of Black Light
Black Light
Talbot Mundy, 1930
London: Hutchinson
Graham SF 09280

The bookplate below caught my attention as it has a ‘royal’ look to it. Sir William Gordon-Cumming 4th Baronet was a friend of Edward, Prince of Wales (later known as King Edward VII). Interestingly, Sir William Gordon-Cumming was involved in the great baccarat scandal of 1890 that ultimately changed the course of his life.

Bookplate of Sunrise Stories
Sunrise Stories: A Glance at the Literature of Japan
Roger Riordan & Tozo Takayanagi, 1896
London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.
Graham SF 09555

Aside from Ron Graham’s bookplates, the bookplate I have seen most often is that of John Carnell. Carnell was a British editor, especially known for New Worlds (1946-64), New Writings (1964-75), and Science Fantasy (1951-64). John Carnell is known to his friends as either Ted or John which is evidenced in quite a few of the books in Ron Graham’s collection, with inscriptions from countless authors addressing him as Ted.

Bookplate in The World Aflame
World Aflame: The Russian-American War of 1950
Leonard Engel & Emanuel S. Piller, 1947
New York: Dial Press
Graham SF 07876

Great women of science fiction

In what has long been perceived as a male bastion, women have made their mark and continue to shape and challenge the limits of the science fiction genre. Let’s look at three of these amazing women and their contributions.

Andre Norton (1912–2005)

Andre Norton
Andre Norton

Andre Norton (Alice Mary Norton) was a female writer who chose to adopt a male pseudonym to compete in a predominantly male market. The first female Science Fiction Writers of America Grand Master challenged gender barriers introduced new ideas to the genre, and went on to become one of the most prolific science fiction writers of all time.

Aimed at a young adult audience, Norton blended the genres of science fiction and sword and sorcery in her highly successful Witch World saga. Spell of the Witch World, a collection of three short stories, provides a good introduction to the Witch World.

Book cover of Spell of the Witch World
Spell of the Witch World
Andre Norton, 1972
New York: DAW Books
Graham SF 17825

Ursula Le Guin (1929–2018)

Ursula Le Guin
Ursula Le Guin

Ursula Le Guin, one of the most influential writers the science fiction genre has ever known, was declared a Living Legend by the U.S. Library of Congress in 2000. Le Guin was strongly influenced by her interests in anthropology and feminism throughout a career that spanned almost 60 years.

In The Left Hand of Darkness, an envoy is sent to report on the inhabitants of an icy planet, only to find a people who have developed only one gender. This novel delves into the themes of sex and gender. One of the genre’s first feminist novels, and considered its most famous study of androgyny, this book led to a new progressive era in science fiction.

Book cover of The Left Hand of Darkness
The Left Hand of Darkness
Ursula Le Guin, 1969
New York: Ace Books
Graham SF 13916

Joanna Russ (1937–2011)

Joanna Russ
Joanna Russ

Joanna Russ was a true pioneer of feminist science fiction who believed the genre was a perfect platform for radical ideas. Written with an undertone of anger and wit, there can be no doubt of the focus on gender and sex in the more than 50 short stories and novels penned by this award-winning author.

The Female Man is the story of four women from parallel worlds. When they cross to each other’s worlds they explore and question the constraints of gender in their imaginary societies. Considered one of the most influential works in feminist literature, this novel will expand your notions of the science fiction genre.

Book cover of The Female Man
The Female Man
Joanna Russ, 1975
New York: Bantam Books
Graham SF 15501

Lockdown Discoveries was curated by the Rare Book & Special Collections Cataloguing Project Team: Vicky Chiu, Simon Cooper, Tonia Fossey, Chingmy Lam, Hiyori Ogawa, Phuong Pham, Liz Ray, Theresia Sandjaja, Dannielle Williams & some other guy.

This is part 1 of a three-part blog series. Read Part 2 and Part 3 or learn more about the Lockdown Discoveries exhibition generally.

The Lockdown Discoveries exhibition is located at:
Rare Books & Special Collections
Open: Monday to Friday, 11am to 3pm
Phone: +61 2 9351 2992
Email: rarebook.library@sydney.edu.au

Lockdown Discoveries exhibition

Lockdown Discovery Exhibition

Lockdown Discoveries is an exhibition created by the Rare Books & Special Collections Cataloguing Project Team to highlight the weird and wonderful items they discovered while working from home during the Library shutdown.

The exhibition opened on Monday 7 December and is located in Rare Books & Special Collections (RBSC) on Level 1 of the Fisher Library (see open hours below). As Fisher Library is only open to current staff and students, we’ve also provided an online component: a series of blog posts about the exhibition, released weekly.

Read Part 1
Read Part 2
Read Part 3

How did the exhibition happen?

As the saying goes, there is always a silver lining! The COVID-19 pandemic has changed our lives significantly, especially our way of work. The RBSC Cataloguing Project Team has taken on the challenge presented by COVID-19 in its stride. While working remotely during the shutdown, the team catalogued 18,773 items!

Despite working separately in their own physical spaces, the team came together online to marvel at the diversity and magnitude of the collection, admiring striking cover art and bookplates, hypothesising about intriguing inscriptions, showing each other all the weird and wonderful material they came across … And then we pondered, how could we take these treasures to a wider audience?

That’s how Lockdown Discoveries came into being. This exhibition will showcase the highlights from the Graham Science Fiction collection, handpicked and curated by the RBSC Cataloguing Project Team.

Rare Books & Special Collections
Open: Monday to Friday, 11am to 3pm
Phone: +61 2 9351 2992
Email: rarebook.library@sydney.edu.au

Creating and keeping our digital content

Celebrating World Digital Preservation Day – 5 November 2020

Academic, cultural, business and scientific organisations around the world celebrate World Digital Preservation Day. It is a day where we acknowledge that for our digital content to have an enduring lifespan, it must be cared for.

Sometimes it is easy to forget where exactly digital content we captured or created is stored. Understanding ‘cloud’ services where we may keep our content are also rarely transparent to us as individuals.

In this year of COVID-19, we’ve become further dependent on the digital environment. The Library’s digital collections projects have continued this year, digitising and making available collection items from our Rare Books & Special Collections, and supporting the Open Access publishing of Higher Degree by Research digital theses – all content that can be accessed remotely.

We have also created new initiatives for students, staff and alumni, such as ‘writing a message to the future’ or contributing digital content created to our COVID-19 collecting project. Now more than ever it is essential we act responsibly; stewarding our digital content in the present, to ensure its availability in the future.

A large proportion of the digital content in our collections needs to be preserved. Prior to the pandemic reaching Australian shores, in early 2020 the University of Sydney Library became a member of the Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC). Being a part of the this international community helps us to:

  • develop staff skillsets through training opportunities
  • share specialist technical knowledge
  • discuss organisational change strategies
  • learn from similar institutions.

The University of Sydney Library has begun its journey of preserving its digital content in our collections, yet we are aware of the many challenges that lie ahead.

We know ‘dark archives’ are required for the long-term storage of our ‘preservation master’ files.

We are also aware that libraries such as ours have content on older carriers, which can take effort to transfer from, due to fragility of the carriers and requiring legacy equipment to read it.

Older storage media such as CDs, zip drives, floppy disks

The University of Sydney Library is committed to providing the best experience for teaching and learning. A key consideration is how we can protect and preserve valuable resources, and provide access to these collections now and into the future. Join us in celebrating World Digital Preservation Day in recognition of these efforts.